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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 41-43

Role of female reproductive hormones estrogen and progesterone in temporomandibular disorder in female patients


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, College of Dentistry, AlJouf University, Sakakah, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Jodhpur Dental College General Hospital, Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, AlJouf University, Sakakah, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Oral Surgery, College of Dentistry, AlJouf University, Sakakah, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia
5 CDCRI, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Santosh R Patil
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, College of Dentistry, AlJouf University, Sakakah, Aljouf
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2249-4987.172492

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Aim: The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of female reproductive hormones estrogen and progesterone in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in female patients. Materials and Methods: Serum estrogen and progesterone levels of 200 female participants who had varying grades of TMD were measured by enzyme immunoassay competition method in the luteal phase of menstrual cycle. Results: Mean serum concentration of estrogen was 302.1 ± 3.16 pg/mL, and the mean serum concentration of progesterone was 1.68 ± 38.3 ng/mL. Mean serum levels of estrogen and progesterone increased with increasing severity of TMD. Conclusion: Increased serum levels of estrogen and progesterone with increased grade of severity of TMD suggest role of these hormones as etiological factors for TMD.


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