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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 39-44

Nonsurgical periodontal therapy: A review


Department of Periodontics, Darshan Dental College and Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Jyotsana Tanwar
Darshan Dental College and Hospital, Loyara, Udaipur, Rjasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2249-4987.182490

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Nonsurgical therapy aims to eliminate both living bacteria in the microbial biofilm and calcified biofilm microorganisms from the tooth surface and adjacent soft tissues. Complete elimination of such pathogenic microorganisms is perhaps over-ambitious. However, a reduction in inflammation of the periodontium due to a lesser bacterial load leads to beneficial clinical changes. In addition, nonsurgical therapy aims to create an environment in which the host can more effectively prevent pathogenic microbial recolonization using personal oral hygiene methods. The concept of critical probing depth was consistently found to be greater for the surgical approach than for the nonsurgical treatment. The various methods used in nonsurgical therapy, such as hand instrumentation, ultrasonic and sonic scalers, and ablative laser therapy.


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