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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-19

Leiomyosarcoma of the maxilla

1 Center for Oral and Dental Health, Erzurum, Turkey
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Zeynep Gümrükçü
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jorr.jorr_34_17

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Leiomyosarcomas (LMSs) are relatively uncommon mesenchymal neoplasms of smooth muscle differentiation. Only 1% of the lesions occur in the head and neck region. Surgical excision with radiotherapy and chemotherapy is the most commonly executed procedure for recurrent and metastatic tumors. We report a rare LMS case of the maxilla, defined in a 19-year-old male patient. Following the diagnosis of a malignant neoplasm on frozen section, wide resection, with a 1 cm clear margin, was performed. The lesion was then sent for histopathological examination. Spindle cell malignancy was found in histopathological sections of the lesion, histologically consistent with LMS. A radiographical evaluation, magnetic resonance imaging, computerized tomography, and positron emission tomography were performed to detect metastasis. Signs of local recurrence or distant metastasis were not noted at the 12-month follow-up following the definitive surgical procedure.

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