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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 53-59

Pyogenic granuloma: A case report and a comprehensive review

1 Department of Periodontics, Kalka Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Kalka Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Orthodontics and Dento-Facial Orthopaedics, Kalka Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Shivani Sharma
Department of Periodontics, Kalka Dental College, NH-58, Partapur Bye-Pass, Meerut - 250 006, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jorr.jorr_47_20

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Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is an inflammatory hyperplasia describing large range of nodular growths of the oral mucosa. PG commonly occurs on the skin or oral cavity but seldom in the gastrointestinal tract. It most commonly involves the gingiva. Extragingivally, it can occur on the lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, and palate. It is caused due to low-grade irritation, traumatic injury, or hormonal factors. Various authors have suggested other names for PG such as Crocker and Hartzell's disease, granuloma pyogenicum, benign vascular tumor and during pregnancy as granuloma gravidarum. Because it is possible to misdiagnose PG as peripheral ossifying fibroma, peripheral giant cell granuloma, hemangioma, and fibroma, its histopathological examination is essential for accurate diagnosis. Differential diagnosis is important because of its tendency to recur. This article presents a case of PG in a 17-year-old female along with a comprehensive review of the lesion.

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